Friday, November 16News That Matters

Medical Study

NFL awards Boston Children's Hospital $14.7m to study brain injury

NFL awards Boston Children's Hospital $14.7m to study brain injury

Medical Study
<!-- METADATA FOR EMTAF NFL awards Boston Children’s Hospital $14.7m to study brain injury Globe Staff Working with retired football players, the researchers will look for ways to diagnose and treat CTE in the living. By Felice J. Freyer 20181115180008 --> By Felice J. Freyer Globe Staff  November 15, 2018 Boston Children’s Hospital has won a $14.7 million grant from the National Football League to study how hits to the head affect neurological health over time — and to identify potential treatments for brain injuries.The money enables Children’s and four collaborating institutions to study thousands of former NFL players and to investigate ways of mitigating the da...
NIH $1.4M grant supports study into precision bioelectronic medicine

NIH $1.4M grant supports study into precision bioelectronic medicine

Medical Study
The Feinstein Institute is the scientific home of the emerging field of bioelectronic medicine. Bioelectronic medicine combines neuroscience, molecular biology and bioengineering to tap into the nervous system to treat disease and injury without the use of pharmaceuticals. Two primary discoveries made in this field are that inflammation plays a role in virtually all diseases and that inflammation can be modulated through a nerve in the neck called the vagus nerve. Researchers have shown that devices can be implanted directly on the vagus nerve in the neck. Dr. Miller aims to access branches of the vagus nerve that are closer to organs in the chest and abdomen so that he can stimulate at the site where the issue is taking place. ...
New evidence that social media increases loneliness

New evidence that social media increases loneliness

Medical Study
Although experts have debated the potential link between social media use and decreased well-being for years, a new study adds more fuel to the fire. A new study investigates the psychological impact of social media. According to the first author of the new study, which featured in the Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, no scientific study has proven a causal connection between the two until now. University of Pennsylvania psychologist Melissa G. Hunt believes that her team is responsible for the first experimental study of Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram use. She argues that previous studies were either limited in scope or used "unrealistic situations," such as monitoring participants for only brief periods in laboratory settings. "We set out t...
Study suggests Trump is scaring immigrant families off food stamps

Study suggests Trump is scaring immigrant families off food stamps

Medical Study
After two years of Donald Trump and his anti-immigrant rhetoric, fewer immigrant families are using federal food stamps — even though no formal changes have been made to the program or its eligibility rules. The implication, according to researchers who have been studying the program for decades and other experts tracking the consequences of Trump’s immigration crackdown, is families who should still be eligible for those benefits — and who still need them — have voluntarily decided to leave the program for fear that they would be at risk if they applied through the official channels. In other words, it appears Trump is making immigrant families too afraid to apply for federal assistance so they can afford food. Researchers from Boston Medical Center’s Chi...
Difficult-to-treat bowel cancers respond in first study of new drug combination

Difficult-to-treat bowel cancers respond in first study of new drug combination

Medical Study
Early results from a phase I trial in a small group of patients with advanced cancer using two drugs (nivolumab and pixatimod) that stimulate the immune system report that patients with bowel cancer may benefit from the combination. Dr. James Kuo, a medical oncologist and the deputy medical director of Scientia Clinical Research, Sydney, Australia, presented the first data from this trial at the 30th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics in Dublin, Ireland, today. He said that the data suggested that a population of colorectal cancer patients, considered to be microsatellite stable (MSS), received benefit...
Music can be an affordable, non-medical aid to overcome sleep loss, study finds

Music can be an affordable, non-medical aid to overcome sleep loss, study finds

Medical Study
Indo-Asian News Service Nov 15, 2018 17:18 PM IST Besides its potential to help reduce anxiety as well as the negative effects of physical pain, a new study suggests that music might serve as a cheap, non-pharmaceutical sleep aid for people facing difficulty in getting proper sleep. Sleep loss is a widespread problem and poses serious physical and economic consequences. However, there is a lack of systematic data on how widely it is used, why people opt for music as a sleep aid, or what music works. The study found that music both stimulates sleep and blocks an internal or external stimulus that would otherwise disrupt sleep. "The study offers new understanding into the complex moti...
Can't exercise? A hot bath may help improve inflammation, metabolism, study suggests

Can't exercise? A hot bath may help improve inflammation, metabolism, study suggests

Medical Study
Credit: CC0 Public Domain Hot water treatment may help improve inflammation and blood sugar (glucose) levels in people who are unable to exercise, according to a new study. The findings are published ahead of print in the Journal of Applied Physiology. Physical stress such as exercise can cause the short-term elevation of inflammatory markers. After exercise, the level of an inflammatory chemical (IL-6) rises. In a process called the inflammatory response, this activates the release of anti-inflammatory substances to c...
Parents, kids actually agree about confidential medical care

Parents, kids actually agree about confidential medical care

Medical Study
When it comes to preventive care and confidential medical services, parents and their adolescent children actually agree with each other. They both believe that preventive care is important, that adolescents should be provided with opportunities to speak with their doctor one-on-one, and that some services should be confidential. Parents and their children even agree, roughly, on the age at which kids should start having private conversations with a doctor -- around 16 years old, or even 18 years old, many said. Doctors, however, have a different opinion. Clinical care guidelines suggest adolescents should have access to confidential screening and counseling about a variety of potentially sensitive issues much earlier in life, around age 13. These findings are reported by University...
Can wearables transform medical research?

Can wearables transform medical research?

Medical Study
I am not a big fan of wearable devices: I’ve always felt they simply quantify what I already know. If I run up a steep hill, my laboured breathing tells me just as much as a wristband that counts the number of floors I’ve climbed.But as wearables get smarter, they are beginning to attract the attention of medical researchers. The Apple Watch Series 4 was recently given clearance by the US Food and Drug Administration for its three heart-monitoring capabilities: heart rate alert, heart rhythm detection and personal electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor. Clearance is a step down from full approval, meaning the watch should not replace traditional methods of diagnosis, but it will make tech companies feel more confident about their push into healthcare.In November, Stanford Medicine ...
Bio2 launches study of bioactive glass spinal implant

Bio2 launches study of bioactive glass spinal implant

Medical Study
Bio2 Technologies’ Vitrium cervical implant is made of bioactive glass. (Image courtesy of Bio2 Technologies.)Orthopedics company Bio2 Technologies has received FDA approval to begin enrollment in an IDE clinical study to evaluate its Vitrium bioactive glass as a cervical interbody fusion device. Vitrium will be evaluated as a structural device that facilitates bone remodeling via a gradual conversion from Vitrium to the patient’s own bone. A proprietary process is used to produce Vitrium’s structure and porosity, enabling bone conductivity. Vitrium represents an innovative approach to a well-studied osteostimulative mechanism of action with a long track record of safe clinical use, according to the Woburn, Mass. company. The randomized, controlled, non-inferiorit...